More than 50,000 people lost their lives in Delhi in 2020 due to air pollution. According to a new study, air pollution caused by hazardous PM2.5 fine particulate matter led to the death of 54,000 people in the national capital.
An estimated 25,000 people died in Mumbai in 2020 due to the menace. Bengaluru, Chennai, Hyderabad and Lucknow estimated an approximate 12000, 11000, 11000, and 6700 avoidable deaths, respectively.
Notably, pollution levels remained almost six times above the prescribed WHO limits in the city. According to a Greenpeace Southeast Asia analysis of IQAir data, 1800 deaths per million were estimated due to PM2.5 air pollution in Delhi.
The estimated air pollution-related economic losses were Rs 58,895 crore. It amounts to 13 per cent of Delhi’s annual GDP.
PM2.5 refers to fine particulate matter smaller than 2.5 micrometers in diameter. Exposure to PM2.5 is considered the most important environmental risk factor for deaths globally. According to an estimate, 4.2 million premature deaths in 2015 were due to polluted air.